Comenzi rapide care se pot executa din Run | Windows

Sistemul de operare Windows, ca si mai toate sistemele de operare modere, foloseste interfete grafice pentru a interactiona eficient cu utilizatorii. Pentru a accesa o anumita interfata (cunoscuta si ca fereastra) utilizatorul trebuie sa urmeze calea spre locatia unde aceasta exista , ceea ce este util pentru ca nu trebuie sa retii prea multe informatii pentru a o gasi ci pas cu pas te indrepti spre interfata dorita, nu acelasi lucru s-ar putea spune daca accesarea interfetelor sau executarea operatiilor s-ar face prin intermediul unor comenzi textuale.

Totusi, exista cazuri cand deplasarea in cadrul unei interfete de sistem sau de program pana la cea dorita are mai multi pasi sau realizarea unei operatii presupune navigarea in mai multe interfete, metodica de a ajunge acolo fiind deci un timp pierdut; in astfel de cazuri este binevenita o scurtatura direct catre interfata dorita, mai ales daca acea interfata este accesata deseori.

Oricarei aplicatii de sistem sau program terta parte instalat in windows ii corespunde un nume de program, de regula sugestiv, acesta putand fi folosit pentru a accesa rapid o anumita interfata. In acest articol am sa descriu modalitatea de a deschide rapid o unealta de sistem, respectiv un program instalat, fara sa fie nevoie de a accesa calea catre optiunea de pornite a acesteia, fie ea din cadrul unei interfete, fie din cadrului exploratorului de fisiere.

Windows-ul furnizeaza mai multe modalitati prin care se poate accesa instrumentele interne sau aplicatiile instalate. Ce mai uzuala este cautarea acestora in meniul de start, urmata de folosirea utilitarului Run pentru a deschide rapid un meniu, interfata sau program, iar o a treia posibilitate fiind executarea unor comenzi in interpretorul de comenzi CMD. Daca prima varianta este cea mai la indemana, a doua are un potential de actiune mai mare pentru ca se pot executa programe care nu pot fi gasite in meniul de start.

  Cum sa deschizi rapid o interfata sau un program folosid comenzi rapide in Windows

Pentru a deschide fereastra RUN (in limba romana Executare), care este un utilitar de lansare rapida de programe, trebuie sa apesi tastele Winows+R (tasta Windows este localizata intre Ctrl si Alt pe tastatura, avand logo-ul specific Windows) si in cadrul acesteia sa introduci comanda rapida a programului sau a interfetei de accesat, apoi sa apesi Enter sau sa dai click pe OK.


Mai jos sunt listate o parte importanta din comenzile rapide ale programelor si interfetelor de sistem din Windows.

Unelte de administrare a sistemului

Administrative Tools = control admintools
Authorization Manager = azman.msc
Component Services = dcomcnfg
Certificate Manager = certmgr.msc
Direct X Troubleshooter = dxdiag
Display Languages = lpksetup
ODBC Data Source Administrator = odbcad32
File Signature Verification Tool = sigverif
Group Policy Editor = gpedit.msc
Add Hardware Wizard = hdwwiz.cpl
iSCSI Initiator = iscsicpl
Iexpress Wizard = iexpress
Local Security Settings = secpol.msc
Microsoft Support Diagnostic Tool = msdt
Microsoft Management Console = mmc
Print management = printmanagement.msc
Printer User Interface = printui
Problems Steps Recorder = psr
People Near Me = p2phost
Registry Editor = regedit or regedt32
Resoure Monitor = resmon
System Configuration Utility = msconfig
Resultant Set of Policy = rsop.msc
SQL Server Client Configuration = cliconfg
Task Manager = taskmgr
Trusted Platform Module = tpm.msc
TPM Security Hardware = TpmInit
Windows Remote Assistance = msra
Windows Share Folder Creation Wizard = shrpubw
Windows Standalong Update Manager = wusa
Windows System Security Tool = syskey
Windows Script Host Settings = wscript
Windows Version = winver
Windows Firewall with Advanced Security = wf.msc
Windows Memory Diagnostic = MdSched
Windows Malicious Removal Tool = mrt

Managementul calculatorului

Computer Management = compmgmt.msc sau CompMgmtLauncher
Task Scheduler = control schedtasks
Event Viewer = eventvwr.msc
Shared Folders/MMC = fsmgmt.msc
Local Users and Groups = lusrmgr.msc
Performance Monitor = perfmon.msc
Device Manager = devmgmt.msc
Disk Management = diskmgmt.msc
Services = services.msc
Windows Management Infrastructure = wmimgmt.msc

Panou de control

Control Panel = control
Action Center= wscui.cpl
Autoplay = control.exe /name Microsoft.autoplay
Backup and Restore = sdclt
Create a System Repair disc = recdisc
BDE Administrator = bdeadmin.cpl
Color Management = colorcpl
Credential Manager = control.exe /name Microsoft.CredentialManager
Credential Manager Stored User Names and Passwords = credwiz
Date and Time Properties = timedate.cpl
Default Programs = control.exe /name Microsoft.DefaultPrograms
Devices and Printers = control printers
Devices and Printers Add a Device = DevicePairingWizard
Display = dpiscaling
Screen Resolution = desk.cpl
Display Color Calibration = dccw
Cleartype Text Tuner = cttune
Folders Options = control folders
Fonts = control fonts
Getting Started = GettingStarted
HomeGroup = control.exe /name Microsoft.HomeGroup
Indexing Options = control.exe /name Microsoft.IndexingOptions
Internet Properties = inetcpl.cpl
Keyboard = control keyboard
Location and Other Sensors = control.exe /name Microsoft.LocationandOtherSensors
Location Notifications = LocationNotifications
Mouse = control mouse or main.cpl
Network and Sharing Center = control.exe /name Microsoft.NetworkandSharingCenter
Network Connections = control netconnections or ncpa.cpl
Notification Area Icons = control.exe /name Microsoft.NotificationAreaIcons
Parental Controls = control.exe /name Microsoft.ParentalControls
Performance Information = control.exe /name Microsoft.PerformanceInformationandTools
Personalization = control desktop
Windows Color and Appearance = control color
Phone and Modem Options = telephon.cpl
Power Configuration = powercfg.cpl
Programs and Features = appwiz.cpl or control appwiz.cpl
Optional Features Manager = optionalfeatures or control appwiz.cpl,,2
Recovery = control.exe /name Microsoft.Recovery
Regional and Language = intl.cpl
RemoteApp = control.exe /name Microsoft.RemoteAppandDesktopConnections
Sound = mmsys.cpl
Volume Mixer = sndvol
System Properties = sysdm.cpl sau tasta Windows + Pause/Break
SP ComputerName Tab = SystemPropertiesComputerName
SP Hardware Tab = SystemPropertiesHardware
SP Advanced Tab = SystemPropertiesAdvanced
SP Performance = SystemPropertiesPerformance
SP Data Execution Prevention = SystemPropertiesDataExecutionPrevention
SP Protection Tab = SystemPropertiesProtection
SP Remote Tab = SystemPropertiesRemote
Windows Activation = slui
Windows Activation Phone Numbers = slui 4
Taskbar and Start Menu = control.exe /name Microsoft.TaskbarandStartMenu
Troubleshooting = control.exe /name Microsoft.Troubleshooting
User Accounts = control.exe /name Microsoft.UserAccounts
User Account Control Settings = UserAccountControlSettings
User Accounts Windows 2000/domain version = netplwiz sau control userpasswords2
Encryption File System = rekeywiz
Windows Anytime Upgrade = WindowsAnytimeUpgradeui
Windows Anytime Upgrade Results = WindowsAnytimeUpgradeResults
Windows CardSpace = control.exe /name Microsoft.cardspace
Windows Firewall = firewall.cpl
WindowsSideshow = control.exe /name Microsoft.WindowsSideshow
Windows Update App Manager = wuapp

Accesorii

Calculator = calc
Command Prompt = cmd
Connect to a Network Projector = NetProj
Presentation Settings = PresentationSettings
Connect to a Projector = displayswitch sau tasta Windows + P
Notepad = notepad
Microsoft Paint = mspaint.exe
Remote Desktop Connection = mstsc
Run = Windows logo key + R
Snipping Tool = snippingtool
Sound Recorder = soundrecorder
Sticky Note = StikyNot
Sync Center = mobsync
Windows Mobility Center (Only on Laptops) = mblctr sau tasta Windows + X
Windows Explorer = explorer sau tasta Windows + E
Wordpad = write
Ease of Access Center = utilman sau  tasta Windows + U
Magnifier = magnify
Narrator = Narrator
On Screen Keyboard = osk
Private Character Editor = eudcedit
Character Map = charmap
Ditilizer Calibration Tool = tabcal
Disk Cleanup Utility = cleanmgr
Defragment User Interface = dfrgui
Internet Explorer = iexplore
Rating System = ticrf
Internet Explorer (No Add-ons) = iexplore -extoff
Internet Explorer (No Home) = iexplore about:blank
Phone Dialer = dialer
Printer Migration = PrintBrmUi
System Information = msinfo32
System Restore = rstrui
Windows Easy Transfer = migwiz
Windows Media Player = wmplayer
Windows Media Player DVD Player = dvdplay
Windows Fax and Scan Cover Page Editor = fxscover
Windows Fax and Scan = wfs
Windows Image Acquisition = wiaacmgr
Windows PowerShell ISE = powershell_ise
Windows PowerShell = powershell
XPS Viewer = xpsrchvw

Foldere in Windows

Open Documents folder = documents
Open Pictures folder = pictures
Open Music folder = music
Open Videos folder = videos
Open Downloads folder = downloads
Open Favorites folder = favorites
Open Recent folder = recent

Operatii utilizator

Logs out of Windows = logoff
Locks User Account = tasta Windows + L
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